Science Inquiry & 5 E's


Levels of Inquiry


Direct Inquiry
Activities are designed for students to analyze the data collected.  
The question and procedures are given.

Example:  Students are given a stack of 5 nickels and told they will be 
removing the bottom nickel using a ruler, a nickel, and a toothpick.  
They are to find out which tool will move the bottom nickel farthest 
away from the stack. Then students will analyze the results.


Coupled Inquiry
Activities begin as direct inquiry, but as students draw conclusions, 
they then begin to test their own questions, or try a new procedure, 
or utilize different materials. This is a combination of direct and 
guided or open-ended inquiry

Example: Once students completed the direct inquiry scenario 
above, they may chose to try the experiment with blocks to see 
if it is easier or more difficult to remove the bottom object.  The 
student might choose to flick different sized coins at the bottom 
nickel to see which is most effective.


Guided Inquiry
Activities are student designed and evaluated.  Only the question 
is given to students.

Example: Students are given the question, "How can we remove 
the bottom item from a stack of 5 without touching it with your hands?"


Open-Ended Inquiry
Activities are completely student designed, including the question

Example:  Provide students with a variety of items associated with 
the topic being covered. In other words, if your objective is for the 
students to learn how levers lift heavy objects, provide students different size/thickness wood (lever) and different weight objects and a fulcrum.





The 5 E's

Engage
May include one of the following...

Demonstration
Hands-on Activity
Thinking Map
Video Clip
Internet Resource
Magazine Article
KWL chart



Explore
May include one of the following...

Construct a Model
Play with a material to gain prior knowledge
Perform a give experiment
Design an experiment
Gather information from Internet sites


Explain
May include one of the following...

Student discussion of results
Structured questioning
Creation of graphs and charts
Draw a diagram
Thinking Map -including the double frame
Interaction with an expert

Elaborate/Extend
May include one of the following...

formulating new questions
utilizing new vocabulary
record observations
draw conclusions
think pair share


Evaluate
May include one of the following...

formative or summative assessments
Thinking Map
finishing the KWL
reflection
portfolios




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